The Analysis and Assessment of Dangerous Factors in the Visual Lifestyle of Children from the Perspective of Myopia Prevention
Shu-Ching Chiu, Shu-Wen Chen, Ching- Kuei Chiang, Yueh-Chin Chung, Shu-Fang Chang

Objectives: The myopic population is continually increasing worldwide. The purpose of this paper was to examine the risk factors for myopic occurrence. Moreover, from a public health perspective, this paper also proposed a framework and description of measures for the prevention of myopia.Methods: This article is a literature review that analyses vital factors affecting the development of myopia. It was conducted using “MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, academic search complete” on the EBSCO database for the period of 1990 to June 2014. Subsequently, we used Pub Med and Google Scholar to search for literature in relation to vision and lifestyle patterns and continued with the work of consolidating the gathered literature. Results: In this study, vital factors, including viewing distance, varying influences unique to an individual, family, education, and the social scene of the nation, were found to affect the occurrence of myopia. Other than proposing a framework of multiple factors that influence vision-related lifestyle, this study adopts a preventive and public health point of view to investigate methods currently being used to assess children’s visual health and vision-related lifestyle in order to organize and summarize scenarios related to visual tasks, and to assess visual aid resources in children.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijn.v3n1a6