Effects of Music Therapy in Intensive Care Patients
ALVES, Ana Isabel; RABIAIS, Isabel Cristina; PESTANA, Laurindo; RODRIGUES, Miguel; ÁVILA, Hugo; CÂMARA, Rosália; VIRÍSSIMO, Michelle; FAIA, Isabel

Introduction: The practice of music therapy to improve physical and mental welfare is used since ancient times. This reaction becomes a valued instrument in taking care of patients, in hospital environments, becoming decisive in Intensive Care Units. Objective: The aim of this study is to clarify the importance of music therapy in intensive care patients. Material and Methods: A systematic review of the literature by mobilizing the descriptors “Music Therapy”, “Critical Patients” and “Nursing care”, use the method peak. We have selected ten databases imaginable, in-between 2011 and 2016, included for analysis nine articles. Results and Discussion: It was found that most of studies consider music therapy effective on clients by decreasing pain, anxiety, regulating blond pressure, cardiac and respiratory frequencies. It also allows to lower sedation and analgesic levels, in patients. The key to implement this therapy is to educate the health teams about the impact and benefits of music therapy in patients. Conclusion: It can be concluded that music therapy can be used like a non-pharmacologic therapeutic instrument to improve relaxing and reduce anxiety in clients in intensive care, promoting their recuperation

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijn.v3n2a12