Epidemiology and Management outcome of Burn Injury in Jordanian Hospitals
Dr. Falastine Rafiq Hamdan

Background: The WHO reported there were more than 7.1 millions fires globally, which classified as unplanned burns in 2004, giving an overall occurrences rate of 110 percent or 100,000 per year. Burns are ranked fourth in all injuries, and are accountable for more than 265,000 deaths worldwide. Purpose: this study aims to determine the basic epidemiological characteristics of burn injuries at the patients in northern and central Jordanian districts, and the burn management outcomes. Techniques: A general sectional study was done over a period of four months, between the 1st of December, 2016 and 31 of March, 2017, to analyze 200 consecutive patients admitted to two governmental and two university hospitals in the northern and central districts of Jordan .Cases were tracked to evaluate patients' medical management outcomes; until the end of June 2017, with a total sample size of (193) patients. Results: The study reveals that more than half of burn patients (52. 8%) were males, the largest age group (35.2%) affected was age (1-10 year), the majority (89.1%) of the burns were accidental, and (71.0%) reached hospitals less than 24 hours. Half of the burns (50.5%) were due to scalds, (58.0%) had second degree burns, (88.6%) of burns occurred at the household of patients, and the most common Arabian first aid medication used for burns, was red ointment with (82.6%). There is a significant relationship between socio-demographics (age, marital status, educational level) and burns extent. The study also reveals that children are the most common groups of burn injuries, and the majority of patients used improper myths as a first aid cure for burns. The study recommended that pouring water directly on burn injuries of the victims to bump it off, should be communicated publicly using multi-media, such as radio and TV, and also recommended that professionals in the burn injuries should be united to develop and implement burn prevention programs, mainly targeting the high risk groups, such as children.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijn.v5n2a12