Prevalence and risk factors of Anaemia among Pregnant Women Consulted to the Reproductive Health Care unit of H.Dh. Regional Hospital, Maldives
Rahuma Abbas, Mano Priya Vijayan

Background: Anaemia is one of the common nutritional disorders during pregnancy and a major cause of maternal death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 30% of the world’s population are anaemic. The prevalence in developed countries is 14% and in developing countries is 51%. In the Maldives, the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women is 48.5% in 2016. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of anaemia in pregnant women of a community in the Maldives. Method: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional survey conducted among 53 pregnant women selected by a simple random sampling method. Data were collected through structured questionnaire forms. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 25.0. The P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Haemoglobin classification showed 60.40% normal, 39.60% anaemic. 33.96% of participants were known thalassaemia carriers, amongst them, 61.11% were found to be anaemic with P <0.026. Other factors studied showed no statistically significant association with anaemia. Conclusion: The prevalence of anaemia in pregnant women is 39.60%. Thalassaemia carrier encountered in the population was found to be the main factor associated with the prevalence of maternal anaemia.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijn.v8n24