The Effect of Yoga on Life Satisfaction and Depression in Patients Undergoing Colorectal Cancer Surgery
Dilek GÜNEŞ, Meral ÖZKAN

Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in cancer patients. Because cancer patients can experience depression their life satisfaction decreases. Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of yoga on life satisfaction and depression in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. Method:This study is nonrandomised controlled trial. Thestudytookplaceat the general surgery clinics of a university and public hospital in Turkey. A total of 110 adult patients (55 experimental-55 control) were selected by the nonprobability sampling method for the study. The experimental group did 30 minutes yoga, every weekday for three weeks. Patient-Description Form (PDF), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were applied as a pre-test to the patients in the experimental and control group on the second day after surgery. SWLS and BDI was applied as the post-test in the day after the yoga was completed. SWLS and BDI was again filled to the patients in the control group three weeks after from pre-test. Results: The SWLS pre-test score of the experimental group was 8.74±1.72, the score of the post-test was 28.43±6.27; the pre-test score of the BDI was 50.85±4.70, the post-test score was 17.16±10.47. The SWLS pre-test score of the control group was 13.30±1.74, the score of the post-test was 14.49±2.73; the pre-test score of the BDI was 46.36±2.88, the post-test score was 44.38±5.07. Differences between experimental and control group were found to be significant (p< 0.05). Conclusion: In patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery, yoga was determined to increase life satisfaction and reduce the level of depression. It may be advisable to use yoga as a complementary method to increase the effectiveness of treatment in nursing practices.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijn.v8n2a5